Bhagat Singh was born in Lyallpur district of Punjab province on September 28, 1907.
– In 1923, he joined National College in Lahore. Along with his leftist peers, he joined the Naujawan Bharat Sabha, and subsequently got involved in a range of anarchist activities.
– To spread his radical views, he would often write in newspapers to reach out to the masses. In Delhi, his articles were published in Veer Arjun, under pseudonyms like vidrohi, balwant, etc.
– In 1926, Bhagat Singh, along with Sukhdev, Chandrashekhar Azad, Ashfaqullah Khan and Ram Prasad Bismil joined Hindustan Republic Association, a anti-establishment organization for ultra-radicals against the British Raj.
– In 1928, Singh, along with few of his aides conspired the murder of Lahore Superintendent of Police James A Scott, who was responsible for the death of Congress leader Lala Lajpat Rai. However,instead of Scott, assistant superintendent of police John P. Saunders.
– Following the assassination, the police raided all offices of Hindustan Republic Socialist Association. Bhagat Singh went inot hiding, and worked underground for the next couple of years.
– To evoke the response of youth throughout India, Bhagat Singh planned a symbolic bomb attack in the Indian parliament, and subsequently getting himself arrested. The rationale behind the move was to gather mass support towards his idea of armed struggle against the tyrannical rule.
– Though, the bomb was not intended to kill anyone and send out a only symbolic message, the police refused to grant bail to Singh, on evidences of his involvement in the murder of Saunders.
– In jail, Singh led a 116-day long hunger strike demanding equal quality of food as provided to European prisoners under the British rule.
– Following a trial, Bhagat Singh, along with Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru were among the list of those involved in the murder. The trio were hanged on March 23 in 1931 at 7:30 PM.