The Union cabinet has given its permission to include three communities in Tamil Nadu -narikuravas, kuruvikaran and malayali gounders -in the scheduled tribe list.
A bill will be introduced in Parliament for this purpose. The cabinet also approved to include irulas in Puducherry . While narikuravas and kuruvikarans are nomadic tribes, malayali gounders are natives of Kalvarayan hills in Villupuram district.
“The inclusion will make the people of these tribal communities to live in dignity. It is only due to steps taken by the state government, the Centre has included the three tribes in the scheduled tribe list,“ said CM J Jayalalithaa in a statement.
Along with Tamil Nadu, the Union government is planning to modify the ST list for four other states: Assam, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Tripura.
Kuruvikarans are identical to narikuravas but are a separate community . Malayali gounders are said to have migrated from Kancheepuram several hundred years back. They have little in common with Malayalis from Kerala. Experts say malayali gounders are vanniyars who have settled in the Eastern Ghats. “Malayalis are settled in different parts of Jawadhu Hills and Pachaimalai as well and agriculture is their prime occupation. Paddy and a variety of raagi are the major crops, besides honey collection. They constitute the largest sect among rikuravas and kuruvikarans have been hunters, leading nomadic lives and rarely putting down roots. But many from the community have recently pursued higher education.
“Due to restrictions on use of country-made guns and bird hunting, the community is involved in bead-making and jewellery designing and making,“ Bharathi said.
dinathanthi newspaper 26/05/2016 : http://www.dinathanthiepaper.in/firstpage.aspx