ISRO on September 28, will be launching its first indigenous astronomy satellite called ASTROSAT that will study heavenly objects. ASTROSAT was earlier scheduled to be launched in 2005, but got delayed to 2010 and will be finally launched this month. The satellite is slated to be launched as per newspaper reports on board a PSLV rocket on its 30th flight from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota in Andhra
ASTROSAT launch total cost is Rs 178 crore. The announcement launch the satellite was made by a high-ranking Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) official.
The UV Imaging Telescope
The Scanning Sky Monitor
The Cadmium-Zinc-Telluride Imager
The Soft X-ray Telescope
Three identical Large Area Xenon Proportional Counters
“The mission envisages an earth orbiting scientific satellite with payloads capable of simultaneously observing the universe in the visible, ultraviolet and X-ray regions of the electromagnetic spectrum,” an Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) official was quoted as saying.
It has payload a total mass of 750 kg and contains six instruments – one UV telescope, four X-ray payloads and a charge particle monitor.
The multi-wavelength observatory will study distant stars, white dwarfs and pulsars. However, the mission’s main goal is to study the massive black hole believed to be existing at the core of the Milky Way.
Four other Indian institutions apart from ISRO took part in the payload development – Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Inter-University Centre for Astrophysics and Astronomy and Raman Research Institute.