Agriculture’s contribution to Odisha’s GSDP declining
Though the agriculture sector provides employment and sustenance to more than 60% of Odisha’s total workforce, its share in the gross state domestic product (GSDP) continues to decline, say official reports.
Besides, large tracts of agricultural land have remained uncultivated for the past several years despite the claim of the Odisha government that it is committed to the growth of the sector, which is the mainstay of the state’s economy.
While the contribution of agriculture sector to the GSDP was 56.10% during 1950-51, it has decreased to 15.4% in 2014-15. It was 16.3% in 2013-14, said a report submitted by the state government to the NITI Aayog.
The report said while per capita availability of land, water and other resources in the state continue to decline, the occurrence of various biotic (insect and diseases) and abiotic stresses (flood, drought, cyclone, etc) are on the rise.
Odisha has a cultivated area of 61.80 lakh hectares.
The decline in the GDSP was despite launching of a number of social security schemes, the introduction of farm mechanisation and provision for a separate agriculture budget by the state government since 2013-14.
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